2017 will see a record number of women leading Fortune 500 companies. Here, Maxim looks at some of the most successful women in business around the world.
Susan Wojcicki: CEO, YouTube
Wojcicki, who grew up in Stanford, California, was Google's first marketing manager, joining the company in 1999, and by 2006 was heading up Google Video, which was then competing with a small upstart called YouTube. Wojcicki initiated Google's $1.65 billion purchase of YouTube in 2006 and was named the video-sharing service's CEO in 2014. Since that time, Wojcicki has increased the number of women working at YouTube to 30 percent of the total staff. Wojcicki—whom Time magazine once called "the most powerful woman on the Internet"—is worth an estimated $350 million, according to Forbes. "Whether it's salary or a promotion or a job, I think it's important for women to ask for what they think they deserve," she said at the 2015 Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Houston.
Ursula Burns: American chairperson and CEO,
The daughter of Panamanian immigrants, Burns grew up in a public housing project on Manhattan's Lower East Side and began working for Xerox as an intern in 1980. Although she is not the first woman to head Xerox—Burns succeeded former CEO Anne Mulcahy in 2009—she is the first African-American woman in U.S. history to lead a Fortune 500 company. She was appointed by President Barack Obama to help lead the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Coalition and served as vice chair of the president's Export Council. Burns was named the 22nd most powerful woman in the world by Forbes in 2014, and according to a stolen email released by WikiLeaks last year, she was on Hillary Clinton's short list for vice president.
Mary Barra: CEO and chairperson, General Motors
The first female chief executive of a Big Three auto manufacturer, Barra practically has motor oil flowing through her veins. Barra was born in Royal Oak, Michigan, and her father was a die maker for Pontiac. She started working for GM at age 18 while attending the General Motors Institute (later renamed Kettering University), got her MBA from Stanford on a GM fellowship, then worked her way up through the ranks, managing the Detroit Hamtramck Assembly facility and holding various positions in human resources and global manufacturing engineering. Barra has held the top spot on Fortune's Most Powerful Women list for the past two years. In 2016, GM posted record revenue, profits, and earnings per share.
Beth Comstock: Vice chair, General Electric
A onetime local television producer in Virginia, Comstock worked at NBC, CBS, and Turner Broadcasting before being named General Electric's chief marketing officer in 2003. She then oversaw ad revenue and digital media for NBC Universal, where she also helped develop Hulu. Comstock was named GE's vice chair in August 2015, and now runs GE Business Innovations, a unit that includes GE Current, GE Lighting, GE Ventures & Licensing, and GE sales, marketing, and communications. She earned $10.4 million in total compensation last year, and apparently doesn't fear conflict. "Leadership is about navigating tension," Comstock said in a 2016 interview with the New York Times. "Tension is actually good."
: Chairperson, president, and CEO, Lockheed Martin
Hewson, who earned $19.4 million in 2016, has been at the helm of the world's biggest defense contractor since January 2013, three decades after joining the company as an industrial engineer. During her tenure, Hewson—whose mother served in the Women's Army Corps during WWII—has renewed Lockheed's focus on military hardware over civil aviation, doubling the company's market cap in the process. In 2015, Hewson engineered the $9 billion purchase of Sikorsky Aircraft (maker of the famous UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter), giving Lockheed new capacity in rotary wing aircraft and drone technology.
Born in Holon, Israel, Catz moved to the Boston area with her parents at the age of six. She was the highest paid female CEO in 2016, with a total compensation of $40.9 million, and the fifth highest-paid U.S. CEO overall. And she seems to be laser-focused on the future, regardless of what others think. "As much as people say they love change, they love it when you change; not when you want them to change," Catz said at a recent conference in London. "Even when it comes to processes they don't like, they're afraid of change."
Emma Walmsley: CEO, GlaxoSmithKline
One of just seven female CEOs in the FTSE 100, Walmsley, who joined GSK in 2010, leads a global workforce of 100,000 employees. Walmsley cut her teeth in the cosmetics business, spending 17 years as a L’Oréal executive posted in London, Paris, Shanghai, and New York. She was appointed CEO of GSK Consumer Healthcare, a joint venture between GSK and Novartis, in 2015, and was named CEO of the entire operation in April of this year. "People regret far more what they don't do rather than what they do," she wrote in an essay published on LeanIn.org, the women's empowerment platform founded by Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg.
: General manager, IBM
The former CEO of the Thomas Cook Group, London-based Green presently leads three major business units at IBM: the Watson Internet of Things, Commerce, and Education. She has been named U.K. Business Leader of the Year, Veuve Clicquot's 2014 Business Woman of the Year, and one of the United Kingdom's 100 most powerful women by BBC Radio 4 in 2013. Green is a non-executive director of defense and aerospace contractor at BAE Systems, and is a founder of PeaceWorks, which helps people living in war zones develop and sell specialty food products.
Wendy Tan White
: General partner, Entrepreneur First
A London native, Tan White began her professional life as an IT consultant at Arthur Andersen & Co. She cofounded the Moonfruit DIY website tool in 1999, having seeded the business with $50,000 of her own money. Tan White temporarily stayed on as CEO after selling the company to Yell in 2012 for $37 million in cash. Now a general partner at start-up accelerator Entrepreneur First, Tan White is on the advisory boards for U.K. Government Digital Services and Tech City U.K., and was 38th on Computer Weekly's 50 Most Influential Women in United Kingdom IT for 2016.